Online Quiz Chap. 4

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1 of 20
Nucleic acids would not be found in which of the following structures?
a. Nucleus
b. Mitochondrion
c. Plant vacuole
d. Ribosome
e. Prokaryotic cell
C

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? p. 79 and pp. 82–85

2 of 20
Which of the following structures is involved with the movement of organelles within a cell?
a. Golgi apparatus
b. Endoplasmic reticulum
c. Mitochondrion
d. Microtubules
e. Intermediate filaments
D

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? pp. 88–90

3 of 20
The extracellular matrix of animal cells
a. holds cells together.
b. contains collagen.
c. contains proteoglycans.
d. is involved in chemical signaling between cells.
e. All of the above
E

Textbook Reference: 4.4 What Are the Roles of Extracellular Structures? p. 91

4 of 20
The cytoskeleton functions to
a. maintain cell shape.
b. aid in cell movement.
c. move organelles within cells.
d. interact with other cells.
e. All of the above
E

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? pp. 86–90

5 of 20
Functions of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum include
a. protein synthesis.
b. modification of proteins.
c. chemical modification of foreign molecules, including drugs.
d. lipid biosynthesis.
e. b, c, and d
E

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? p. 80

6 of 20
Which of the following organelles are thought to have arisen by an endosymbionic relationship with a prokaryote?
a. Mitochondria
b. Nuclei
c. Golgi apparatus.
d. Chloroplasts
e. Both a and d
E

Textbook Reference: 4.5 How Did Eukaryotic Cells Originate? p. 92

7 of 20
The endomembrane system
a. is present in prokaryotes.
b. includes the endoplasmic reticulum and the nucleus.
c. includes the Golgi apparatus and the endoplasmic reticulum.
d. functions to make ATP.
e. does not exist in plant cells.
C

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? p. 79

8 of 20
Which of the following is not a function of the plasma membrane of eukaryotes?
a. Perceiving chemical signals
b. Making ATP
c. Adhering to other cells
d. Ion homeostasis
e. Selective uptake
B

Textbook Reference: 4.1 What Features of Cells Make Them the Fundamental Unit of Life? p. 72

9 of 20
Which one of the statements about the nucleus in animal cells is false?
a. The nucleus occupies the largest volume of the cell.
b. DNA replication takes place in the nucleus.
c. The nucleus is the site of protein synthesis.
d. DNA in the nucleus combines with proteins.
e. The nucleolus is located in the nucleus.
C

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? p. 76

10 of 20
Prokaryotes
a. have a cell wall similar to that of plant cells.
b. have a nucleus.
c. do not have ribosomes.
d. are surrounded by a plasma membrane.
e. are larger than eukaryotic cells.
D
Textbook Reference: 4.2 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? pp. 72–74

11 of 20
Lysosomes
a. are derived from the endoplasmic reticulum.
b. are derived from the Golgi apparatus.
c. contain digestive enzymes.
d. have a higher internal pH than the cytoplasm.
e. Both b and c
E

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? pp. 81–82

12 of 20
During the ripening a pepper may turn from green to red. Which statement given below best describes what happens to the organelles of the pepper fruit cells as the fruit turns from green to red?
a. Leucoplasts become chloroplasts
b. Chloroplasts become leucoplasts
c. Chromoplasts become chloroplasts
d. Leucoplasts become chromoplasts
e. Chloroplasts become chromoplasts
E

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? pp. 83–84

13 of 20
Some proteins that are on the surface of mammalian cells are glycosylated. These proteins are synthesized by _ and glycosylated in the _.
a. mitochondrial ribosomes; smooth endoplasmic reticulum
b. cytoplasmic ribosomes; plasma membrane
c. cytoplasmic ribosomes; smooth endoplasmic reticulum
d. Golgi apparatus; rough endoplasmic reticulum
e. rough endoplasmic reticulum; Golgi apparatus

E
Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? pp. 80–81

14 of 20
Cilia and flagella
a. propel cells by rotation of the structures.
b. contain microfilaments.
c. contain microtubules that are sufficient to drive movement.
d. must have a motor protein that uses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to power movement.
e. contain centrioles.
D

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? pp. 88–89

15 of 20
Which of the following proteins powers both the movement of cilia and vesicles within a cell?
a. Myosin
b. Actin
c. Keratin
d. Dynein
e. Kinesin
D

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? p. 89

16 of 20
Which of the organelles listed below is involved in energy conversions?
a. Lysosomes
b. Vacuoles
c. Chloroplasts
d. Mitochondria
e. Both c and d
E

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? pp. 82–83

17 of 20
Which of the following organelles were probably once independent prokaryote organisms?
a. Mitochondria and lysosomes
b. Mitochondria and chloroplasts
c. Chloroplasts and Golgi apparatus
d. Golgi apparatus and ribosomes
e. Ribosomes and lysosomes
B

Textbook Reference: 4.5 How Did Eukaryotic Cells Originate? p. 92

18 of 20
Plant cells do not have lysosomes. Which of the structures given below likely fulfills the function of lysosomes in plant cell?
a. Vacuole
b. Peroxisome
c. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
d. Golgi appartaus
e. Chloroplast
A

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? p. 82

19 of 20
Which of the following structures occupies the largest volume in a mature plant cell?
a. Peroxysome
b. Ribosome
c. Chloroplast
d. Vacuole
e. Mitochondrion
D

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? p. 85

20 of 20
Plastids are
a. present in all eukaryotes.
b. always green.
c. present in photosynthetic prokaryotes.
d. present in nearly all plant cells.
e. very similar to mitochondria.
D

Textbook Reference: 4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells? p. 83

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Why are you speaking in Dutch lol?

How do you know it's Dutch lol?

O we both happen to speak Dutch…comes in handy.

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